Número 4 (2004)
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Ao Deus e à Deusa que conheço e que não conheço: o Tremendum numa prece sumero-acadiana

Rosário, Cláudia Cerqueira do

This paper analyses the notion of mysterium tremendum posed by the historian and philosopher of religions Rudolf Otto, through a prayer produced in the sumero-akkadian historical context – circa 3500/1800 BCE. This notion becomes a fundamental one for the study and understanding of the religious phenomenon's essence.

Considerações acerca da ética aristotélicanas tragédias sofoclianas: O caso de Édipo Rei

Leal de Pontes Medeiros, Tito Barros

This article tries to understand the Sophocle's production questioning the traditional temporary demarcation of the Greek history in the Archaic Period (XII - VI B.C.) and in the Classic Period (V - IV B.C.), proposing the century V B.C. as transition among these periods. They are also analyzed some Aristotelian concepts that are supposed fundamental to understand the philosophical-educational dimension of the Sophocle's tragedy and, in this sense, to try to observe ethical elements in the actions of Oiedipus, starting from the tragedy King Oiedipus.

Modo de Produção Escravista e a sua influência na percepção da sociedade judaica no pós-exílio

Solano Rossi, Luiz Alexandre

This article aims to indicate that the construction of the biblical literature is marked by the type of economy and the society in which people lived. From this matter, the slave mode of production on the biblical world is discussed. The increasing of the slave culture affected nociably the life of people in biblical times. This shok in the society was so nociable that we find a peasant revolution from 167 to 142 aC, a daring attempt to prevent the advance of greek culture and slavery to the detriment of the classical traditions.

El Descenso de Er: La fundamentación filosófica de la ética en República X

Dezzutto, Flavia

El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar el relato alegórico del libro X de la POLITEIA o República de Platón, conocido como el mito de Er, en la perspectiva que exponemos a continuación. Los “desplazamientos” hacia regiones inasequibles para los mortales, por las vías del sueño o la muerte, poseen la común característica, desde la más arcaica literatura griega, de constituir espacios de revelación de ciertas verdades. El paradigma del relato de ultratumba o la narración del sueño, así como las figuras que allí se hacen presentes, la topografía de esas regiones (también paradigmática), y los saberes y testimonios literarios que se recopilan en ese contexto, son decisivos para delimitar el campo de sentido que procura un contenido sustantivo a las revelaciones o conocimientos transmitidos. De tal manera, el campo de significación que aparece desde este análisis, remite a la tematización de una eticidad política, en la Grecia del siglo IV A.C. que nos posibilita discernir la construcción de un sentido prescriptivo, mediante recursos retóricos que adquieren relevancia, y se insertan en una tradición interpretativa compleja, pues los factores mencionados más arriba son el vehículo que nos instruye acerca de las doctrinas que se pretenden exponer. Éstas se exponen como fundamento de aquello que es modélico en la vida de los mortales, en un sentido filosófico, y aún presentan una valoración de las instituciones humanas que proviene de un ámbito ajeno a la intelección de quienes viven en el tiempo; los espacios fronterizos del sueño y la muerte.

Se não é Verdade, é o que? Agostinho contra a Mentira

Greggersen, Gabriele

If there are lies, which is their limit in relation to truth? Out of real problems that he was facing at the time, related the religious heresies and conflicts, Saint Augustine supplies insights on the subject in two texts “On Lie” (De Mendacium) and “Against Lie” (Contra Mendacium). There are good reasons to believe that his concern with the subject was recurrent, since the two texts are practically identical. Without pretensions to define what truth is, the bishop of Hippona applies his negative method to create a tipology of existing kinds of lies. Thus, he evidences a almost completely forgotten fact nowadays: beyond the diversity of species of lie, if something is not true, it only can be false.

Alguns apontamentos acerca dos germanos nos livros didáticos de História no Brasil

Lopes Frazão da Silva, Andréia Cristina

Starting from the analysis of content of six didactic books of history, used in the fundamental and medium teaching in Brazil, we looked for to verify and to analyze as such works characterize the germans.

Mística e Paidéia: o Pseudo-Dionísio Areopagita

Brandão, Bernardo Guadalupe dos Santos Lins

The author who presents himself as Dionysius the Areopagite, the converted by Saint Paul on the Areopagus was probably a syrian monk who wrote in the late V century. This article, dicussing the contemporany attempts to find his identity and the influence on the posterior thought, interprets his writings as an attempt to assimilate the greek philosophy and paideia by christianity, representing an important moment in the process symbolized by the Saint Paul's journey to Athens.

Alcuino de York: Sobre el Alma y sus 'Dignidades'

Peretó Rivas, Rubén A.

The subject of this paper is the “dignities” or soul's faculties in the Alcuin's work. First, the author settles the notion of dignitates as Alcuin understands it in all his anthropologic treatises. Then, analyzes this concept in the most importants works where the Charlemagne's friend writes about the dignitates of intellect, memory and will, studying particularly the hierarchy, function and disposition of each according to the work where they appear.

Un pequeño gran problema de la Historia Medieval: la Revuelta del Arrabal (Rabad) de Córdoba (818) y la Toma de Creta en el 827

Melo Carrasco, Diego

El presente artículo aborda una temática que podría parecer marginal en el contexto de la historia medieval, esta es la expulsión de los conjurados cordobeses tras la Revuelta del Arrabal de Córdoba (818) y la toma de la Isla de Creta en el 827 por los mismos. No obstante, adquiere importancia al momento de verificar las implicancias que tendrá en las futuras relaciones que se establezcan en el mediterráneo oriental, cuando este se transforme en un "Lago Musulmán" -así denominado por Henri Pirenne- que impedirá el libre tránsito de las embarcaciones bizantinas, obligando al Imperio utilizar todo su manejo diplomático para poder superar ésta situación.

A Formação do Cavaleiro: Perceval ou O Conto do Graal

Fernandes, Raúl Cesar Gouveia

The present paper covers Perceval's formative process analysis as it is developed in the context of Chrétien de Troyes' Conte du Graal. We intend to identify with our investigation the method and the objectives in the education of a knight throughout the romance.

Paraísos Medievais – esboço para uma tipologia dos lugares de recompensa dos justos no final da Idade Média

Soares de Deus, Paulo Roberto

The aim of this article is to consider a set of minimum types to the places assigned for the word Paradise at the end of the Middle Ages. It is not intended to be exhausting nor definitive, after all, the Paradise was a symbol and, as such, preserved great ambiguity in its possible meanings. Paradise's contours could not be so clear since it should to allow the projections of diverse desires and anxieties, deriving of the different cultural strata of that age. However, a tripartite structure, which comes along with the time flow, can be followed.

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