Hemeroteca

Mirabilia
Número 3 (2003)
Leyenda
Artículo alojado en InterClassica = Artículo alojado en InterClassica
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Mirabilia
Artículo

As Guerras Médicas: Proximidade de fronteiras étnicas e geográficas entre atenienses e etíopes nos VI e V séculos a.C.

Bispo, Cristiano

This article presents the Persian Wars as a historic factor able to agglutinate the ethnic and geographic frontier between athenians and others ethnics groups if his kept relations. However, our attention will be look upon in this abstract the interactions existing among athenians and ethiopians in the VI and V B. C. Centuries.

De haruspicum responso: religião e política em Cícero (século I a.C.)

Rosa, Claudia Beltrão da

Analysis of aspects of the roman religion, as put forwards in Cicero’s De haruspicum responso.

Os imperadores Severos e a aproximação com as imagens dos Antoninos (séc. II d.C.)

Marques Gonçalves, Ana Teresa

The objective of this article is to analyse the approximation of the Severan Emperors with the images utilized for the Antoninan rulers, using the informations of the Herodian, Cassius Dio, Sextus Aurelius Victor, Flavius Eutropius’ books, the Historia Augusta, Epitome de Caesaribus, inscriptions and coins.

O pacto da memória: interpretação e identidade na fonte bíblica

Prata Ferreira, Cláudia Andréa

Interpretation of the biblical and rabbbinic texts in the Jewish Tradition. We understood the biblical and rabbbinic texts as being a project of construction of the memory. That memory, built literarily starting from an oral tradition and writing, evidences the singular relationship between the human and the divine and it tries to legitimate in its speech the idea of a Religion and Tradition of the Book. That memory constitutes, then, the essential element in the project of construction of the individual or collective identity of the People of the Book (in Hebrew, Am Ha'Sefer ). We established the relationship memory and religion tends as central element the Hebrew word zikaron "memory". The originality of the present project is elencar a group of elements us which the construction and formation of the identity and memory are articulated in the Judaism tends as referencial the sources ju-daicas, in particular, produced them in language hebraica. Memory, Language and speech in the narrative, interpreting the specific case of the hebrew biblical narrative and the rabbinic narrative: we privileged the biblical and rabbinic sources, pillars of the Jewish faith.

Los perfumes en el Cristianismo

Grau-Dieckmann, Patricia

En las diversas religiones, los olores agradables -los perfumes- desempeñan un importante papel en los ritos y liturgias, en la meditación, en las plegarias y en la comunicación con las divinidades. El cristianismo no permanece ajeno a esta práctica pero la dota de un nuevo significado. El propio Jesús toma contacto con los perfumes más valorados desde muy pequeño. El incienso y la mirra que le ofrecen los magos venidos de Oriente, el aceite de nardo, y los óleos funerarios con que ungen su cadáver, son sólo el inicio de una relación con los aromas que florecerá en el legado religioso de Jesús durante los siglos de formación y consolidación del cristianismo.

Morte, Sacrifício Humano e Renascimento: Uma interpretação Iconográfica da Runestone Viking de Hammar I

Langer, Johnni

The present article still interprets an iconographic source without detailed academic studies, the Viking runestone of Hammar I, originary of the island of Gotland (Sweden). An important document on the religious mentality of the Scandinavians, its mythological conceptions on the deities, human sacrifices, life after the death and some important symbols for the cult to the Óðinn god. Another basic aspect of our interpretation is the possibility to compare the classic Icelandic sources, writings during the Christian period after-Viking (séc. XI d.C.), with an original megalithical document of the Age Viking heathen (séc. IX d.C.). Our main methodologies for analysis had been the epigraphical techniques supplied by the British runologist Raymond Ian Page and the techniques of iconographic interpretation of the French historian Régis Boyer. As conclusion, we could verify that runestone of Gotland had a intentional "pedagogical" function in terms of imaginary religious, confirming ideas and strengthening aspects of the odinic cult. It structuralized the image and the faith of that warlike died in battle they could inside to the hall of the Óðinn god, rewarding its martial life.

La tradición en la cultura medieval: el 'Decretum' de Burchard von Worms

Neyra, Andrea Vanina

El principio de la tradición y el uso de las autoridades tuvo un papel importante en la cultura cristiana medieval y su transmisión. Burchard de Worms – que ocupó el cargo de obispo a principios del siglo XI – utilizó ese contexto para legitimar su obra. Adjudicó a Dios todo lo útil y valioso que de ella se pudiera extraer, sin esperar reconocimiento personal. Sin embargo, es reconocido por los elementos contemporáneos de su jurisdicción, que son mencionados en su trabajo.

Mécia, Matilde e Beatriz: imagens femininas refletidas nas rainhas de Portugal (século XIII)

Zierer, Adriana

Presentation of the importance of medieval woman by the study of portuguese cronicles from the 14th to 16th centuries about three queens: Mecia Lopes of Haro, Matilde of Bologne and Beatriz. These cronicles had been written to explain the governation of the ladies’ husbands, respectively Sancho II, king deposed of Portugal in 1245 and his brother Afonso III, responsible for the deposition and king from 1248 until 1279, year of his death. It is possible to see a little of these women in the interlineation of the texts. While Matilde and Beatriz represent the woman-merchandize, as elements of the nobility to garantee to men properties and titles – reason by which Afonso III has got married for the second time when he was already married – Mécia represents the role of the devil-woman, the Eve-sinner, who thanks to her "whitchcrafts" and "bad advises" has taken his husband to be deposed from the power.

A filosofia política de Marsílio de Pádua: os novos conceitos de 'Pax', de 'Civitas' e de 'Lex'

Romanazzi Tôrres, Moisés

Marsiglio of Padua (c.1280-c.1343), directly from Aristote, redifined in natural perspective three central conceits of christian thought: peace (pax), political society (civitas) and law (lex) . This redefinition is present in Prima Dictio of Defensor Pacis (finished at 1324). In this article, i develop, for each conceit, a history of development in the occidental thought, to determinate the Marsiglio’s rupture. After, i develop, same for each conceit, the aristotelic thought, to demonstrate as the Marsiglio’s perspectives are connecteds, directly, at Aristote.

Elaboración doctrinal de una devoción popular. Presencia bíblica en 'Los Milagros de Guadalupe' (España, siglo XV)

Rodriguez, Gerardo

En el presente texto propongo una selección y estudio de "miraglos" contenidos en los cuatro primeros códices de Los Milagros de Guadalupe desde los presupuestos de la sociolingüística y la sociología devocional. Este tipo de enfoque me permitirá analizar la simbología cristiana subyacente en estos textos y plantear una posible historia de las representaciones de la Iglesia en torno a la devoción guadalupana, dado que los monjes jerónimos proyectan, al redactar todos y cada uno de los milagros, argumentos doctrinales considerados esenciales en el discurso cristiano de la época. En el caso que me ocupa, la trama narrativa de los miracula transmite una verdadera sapiencia doctrinal, al recurrir a textos, relatos y fundamentos bíblicos, especialmente neotestamentarios. Esta recurrencia a la Biblia no es explícita sino, por el contrario, hay que descubrir las citas y vinculaciones que se hallan implícitas en los relatos. A partir de este recorte del corpus guadalupano, abordaré las siguientes cuestiones: la importancia del bautismo como sacramento, la revelación entendida como gracia divina, la imagen de María como Madre de Dios, las diferentes manifestaciones de la imitatio Christi, en particular la Pasión y la simbología del león.

O medievo português em tempos de livre crença: as relações entre judeus e cristãos em Portugal antes do monopólio católico iniciado em 1497

Assis, Angelo Adriano Faria de

In december of 1496, the king of Portugal D. Manuel I (1495-1521) ordered the expulsion of jews from the kingdom in a period of ten months –decree that would be transformed, in 1497, in forced convertion to the catholicism. It was the beginning of the catholics’ monopoly in the portuguese world, finishing the time of free faith that was a characteristic of Portugal during the Medieval age. This article should make an analysis about the "Jews’ time" in Portugal, in a period that includes since the beginning of the jewish presence in the Iberian Peninsula – during the Flavio Vespasiano’s governement – until the expulsion from Spain and Portugal, in the end of the XV century – moment that deserves more attention -, giving importance to the relations between jews and christians, the contributions of jews to the portuguese society, the causes of the proihibition of free faith and the general changes to jews – converted in new-christians – and to the kingdom.

O Cavaleiro inexistente e o Homem sem sombra – ou de quando não se vê a imagem no espelho

Alves, Maria da Penha Casado

This text aims to analyze the character Agilulfo, Carlos Magno`s Knight who is presented in the other work O Cavaleiro Inexistente by Italo Calvino and Sebastian Caine, protagonist of the film Hollowman by Paul Verhoeven. This intersemiotics approach make a critical path which emphasizes relative questions about identity related to be or not be, human dilemmas that have wished the most different expressions in life and art.

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