Número 7 (1995)
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La etimología del nombre érōs en el Fedro de Platón

Álvarez Hoz, Jesús María
Gutiérrez Lerma, Elena

This paper analyzes the etymology of the name erōs (ἔρως) in Phaedrus (238c3-4, 252b8-9) and studies the function of the etymology in close relation to the Platonic theory of language. Its aim is to evaluate its function, in order to contribute to the understanding of its significance in the Dialogues as a whole.


Problemas de escritura y lectura en la poesía de Seferis

Bádenas de la Peña, Pedro

This essay is a practical reflection on poiesis and Seferis’ poetry, and on the problems that the writing and reading of a poetic text poses. The author focuses on the analysis of a poem on Orestes, following the model of resis that can be found in Sophocles’ Electra (lines 680-763) and stablished a relationship with other poems by Seferis.


Las musas y el poeta: su problemática relación en Apolonio de Rodas

Brioso Sánchez, Máximo

This paper discusses the thesis defended by some scholars about the importance of the Muses in Apollonius Rhodius being progressively increased whereas that of the poet being inversely reduced.


La resonancia del escenario natural y su eventual animación en los Argonautica de Apolonio de Rodas

Fernández Contreras, María Ángeles

The authoress reviews all the passages in the poem of Apollonius Rhodius where natural objects (rivers, riverbanks, paths, etc.) seem to become alive. She studies the way A.R. animates the elements of the landscape and discerns if he makes use of what has been called “pathetic fallacy”.


Sueño, tiempo, eternidad

Gil Fernández, Luis

This paper explores the ways in which the Greek mind derived a notion of time’s cyclical nature from the sleep/wakefulness alternation, as well as the influence of sleep/death dichotomies on Greek views of eternity. Particular attention is paid to figures in myth and history, such as the Sleeping Cronos, Endymion, Cleobis and Biton, the Cretan Epimenides and the Sardinian heroes.


¿Lírica o monodia? La lírica griega y el género lírico

Guillén Selfa, Luis Fernando

This essay presents a detailed analysis of the main constituents and features of the “lyrical genre”, which proves that what is called Old Greek Lyrics is “lyrics” in the modern sense of the word.


Sobre el empleo de algunas preposiciones en el dialecto cretense. VI. Generalidades

Martínez Fernández, Ángel

In the use of prepositions in Cretan dialect two well-differentiated phases are under examination. The most ancient inscriptions (VII-V B.C.) show remarkable peculiarities in the syntax and morphology of the prepositions, whereas more recent ones (IV-I B.C.) offer clear coincidences with the prepositional uses and forms of the Koine.


Preferencias amorosas en el epigrama helenístico

Pérez Cabrera, Juana

Love poems are frequently in erotic Hellenistic epigrams addressed to young men and to hetaeras. In this position of bisexual tolerance, Asclepiades’s AP. 12.17 defends exclusively paederastic love, while AP 5.208 and 12.41 of Meleager prefer feminine love. This work will try to understand the reasons of the possible polemic between homosexuality and heterosexuality.


‘Graecorum Philosophorum Aurea Dicta’. Selección de apotegmas (3ª parte)

Pino Campos, Luis Miguel

This article has been conceived as a continuation of previous two published in Fortunatae 5 and 6. It contains a second series of Pythagoras’ apophthegma.


El retrato amianeo del emperador Joviano

Carrasco Serrano, Gregorio

The present work studies the portrayal that Amianus Marcellinus does of emperor Jovian in his «Res Gestae», paying attention in the first place to the physical traits with which the historian initiates his description. Once the physical traits have been exposed, the emperor’s character is revealed by means of several formulations that clearly mark, in the first place, certain similarities with regard to Constans portrait, such as, for example, his profession of the Christian faith or the scrupulous study of the appointment of top-ranking functionaries. However, and in second term, Amianus accompanies this series of assertions with clearly contrasting elements in the portrayal of Constans, such as, for example, the emperor’s undisguised habit of jestin in public, or his poor cultural knowledge, and which manifest the historian’s intention of presenting Jovian in an inferior level with regard to Constans. However, the critical appraisal that Amianus Marcellinus depicts of Jovian’s person and government is marked by the disgraceful contract subscribed by the emperor with Persia.


Las naves de Eneas

Estefanía Álvarez, María del Dulce Nombre

The author of this paper attemps to seek the possible sources in which Virgil might have found inspiration to modify the Nevian tradition, which mentions just a single Eeas’ vessel, turning this vessel into a fleet of twenty. This study also intends to identify a possible source that support the number of twelve vessels that came to Libya and the omen that enlosed them. This paper also attempts to identify the sources that may support the idea that the wood that the hero used to build the vesels had a divine origen and was protected by Cybeles. The analysis of these hypotetical sources are combined with data from Augusts’ life.


La masculinización en latín de los préstamos griegos femeninos de la declinación temática

González Luis, Francisco

Integrated in the Latin nominal flexion in different periods, especially in Late Latin, a large number of greek feminine loanwords which belonged the second declension, underwent a change in its original grammatical gender and became masculine. This paper shows how this fact constitutes another convincing evidence which demonstrates that Latin speakers regarded the o-stem or 2nd declension as the masculine, as opposed to the a-stem or first declension, which was considered to be the feminine flexion.


Alusiones bíblicas en De Gestis Mendi de Saa

González Luis, José

As it is well known, Father Anchieta demonstrates in prose as well as in poesy his great knowledge and familiarity with the Holy Scriptures. Nevertheless, his use of the Bible in De gestis is rather restrained and moderate, being in any case less frequent than classical reminiscences. In this article certain explicit and implicit biblical references are analysed besides the biblical phraseology identified in the epic poem.


Un poema en latín a los mártires de Tazacorte. Traducción y comentario

Hernández González, Fremiot

The author of this paper edits, comments and translates into Spanish a poem of the XVI Century in Latin hexameters which describes the murder of a group of Spanish and Portuguese Jesuits on their voyage to Brasil under the command of Ignacio de Azevedo. This took place in 1570 somewhere near La Palma, one of the Canary Islands.


La teoría fonética en Lucrecio

Hoces Sánchez, María del Carmen

This article deals with Lucretius’ phonetic theory, focusing on his reflections on the nature of the human voice, on the way in which it is emitted and perceived, as well as on its articulation in phonemes and in the words formed by their available combinations. The study reveals glimpses of the later physical phonetics and some evidence of the distinction between pattern and language.


Observaciones acerca del “sermo vulgaris”

Lojendio Quintero, Mª Pilar

The study of Vulgar Latin has been centred on the analysis of uncultured people’s speech. Another way of looking at this question is to consider vulgar latin as the spoken latin independently of the degree of the speaker education. The aim of this paper is to show some features of Vulgar Latin used by Cicero in his epistolary literature.


Humanismo portugués de los siglos XV y XVI. Algunos aspectos y figuras

Rábade Navarro, Miguel Ángel

The article deals with the origins of Humanism in Portugal and shows some problems and several characteristics of humanistic authors in this country. As a result a conclusion is reached: portuguese Humanism deserves a place of its own among the european Humanism in the XVIth century because of its political, economical and cultural situation far different even from its neibourgh Spain.


Un tabú en la sociedad grecorromana: la mujer y el vino

Real Torres, Carolina

Women in Antiquity were valued through their fertility. Thus, the fact that their destiny as wives was determined by their capacity of providing legitimate descendants causes a series of biological, social and ethical factors which ruled their body. This paper is an attempt to draw a reasonable explanation of some features of the behaviour of women in society. It also gives an account of the various kinds of restrictions imposed on them.


La dialéctica amorosa como juego dramático

Ríos Cruz, Adelaida Laura

In this article, the conceptions that Plautus’ Miles gloriosus characters have about love and women are analized. The age and social class of these characters are the factors that determine their visions and attitudes which oppose and contrast dialectically through the comedy, they configuring love teme as the centre of Plautus’ dramatic game.


A Mesopotamian origin for the myth of the Fortunate Islands?

Manfredi, Valerio

En el presente artículo se pretende adelantar la hipótesis de que el mito de las Islas Afortunadas pudiera derivar de fuentes mesopotámicas y ser traído a occidente por los fenicios. Este mito, que tiene ya una historia de casi 3.000 años, desde Homero y Hesíodo hasta autores contemporáneos, refleja el sueño de la humanidad de vivir en un bonito y rico país, con toda clase de frutos y flores, en un clima de eterna primavera y libre del temor a las enfermedades y a la muerte. Tal mito en cuestión podría reconstruirse en sus elementos más esenciales en el poema sumerio de Gilgamesh y sería trasladado de oriente a occidente cuando los fenicios empezaron a explorar el Mediterráneo y crearon una tierra de inmortalidad, las Islas Afortunadas, en el Océano occidental.


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