Número 5 (1993)
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El vuelo del alma

Aguilar Fernández, Rosa Mª

This paper studies the belief in the possibility of a soul travelling out the body, while she is alive. Although chamanistic experiences aren’t specially characteristic of the greek cultur, the ancient greek world, however, knows some stories about temporary journeys of the soul outside of her body. Sometimes the tales show legendary characters near to myths, another times they are literary myths with ethic purposes. The paper tries to deal with both aspects.


Notas sobre la historia de la redacción y estructura del texto de Jn 1,1-18 (II)

Barreto Betancort, Juan

This paper constitutes the second part of a study of the literary struncture of John 1, 1-18. In the first one, following stylistic, structural and thematic criteria, the author distinguishes between 1,1-5-10ac. 11.14abce. 17, the basic text (PI), and John 1, 6-8.9.10b. 12-13.14d.15-16.18, which is the textual expansion in composition (PII). In the present article the author analyses: the ways of insertion of PII in PI, the reasons of the already mentioned expansion, having as a result several changes of meaning, and a new structure of the whole section.


Sobre el empleo de algunas preposiciones en el dialecto cretense. IV. πορτί, ποτί, πρός

Martínez Fernández, Ángel

The author makes a detailed description of the syntax of the preposition πορτί, ποτί, πρός in the Cretan dialect, taking into account all the available epigraphic material.


El viaje sidéreo de las almas: origen y fortuna de un tema clásico en Occidente

Pérez Jiménez, Aurelio

This article summarizes the literary tradition on the subject of the celestial rise and fall of souls from its beginning till the Renaissance. The author concentrates his attention on the role played by Greek scholars, with special reference to the innovations presented by Plutarch. Once introduced the astral journey into the Christian eschatology, its survival and passing on into the Middle Ages is assured by late commentators and scholars such as Servius, Macrobius, Boethius and Martianus Capella. The Twelfth Century, with the School of Chartres, means the literary revival of the classical theme which flourishes in medieval literature and the first Italian Renaissance. The work ends with two references to Castillian poetry, El laberinto de la Fortuna, by Juan de Mena and El Dezir del nacimiento de Don Juan by Micer Francisco Imperial, in whose structure underlies this tradition of the celestial journey of souls.


‘Graecorum Philosophorum Aurea Dicta’. Selección de apotegmas

Pino Campos, Luis Miguel

This article marks the first in a series in which the author will publish famous phrases attributed to ancient Greek philosophers. After a brief introduction in wich details of the proposed study are given, the article examines phrases by Thales, Anaximandre and Anaximenes.


Bías de Priene

Pòrtulas, Jaume

The article begins by posing the old question whether Bias must be qualified as a judge or rather as an arbiter. Then, the context of the legend of the Seven Wise Men is briefly alluded to, and Bias’ role in the political life of Priene is stated with the aid of a text from Plutarch and a couple of inscriptions. Lastly, the author discusses the attitude of Heraclitus towards Bias and the controversy between the ideals of active vs. contemplative life, in order to ascertain the image of Bias as a traditional Sage.


Homero pitagórico

Ramos Jurado, E. A.

The article analyses: firstly the vision of Homer in the first stages of Pythagoreanism, secondly the intended Pythagoreanism of Theagenes of Region and finally the form that the first Homeric exegesis is presented in ancient Pythagoreanism.


Ritual y sacrificio en las ‘Argonáuticas Orficas’

Sánchez Ortiz de Landaluce, Manuel

An analysis of the anonymous poem Ὀρφέως Ἀργοναυτικά raises doubts as to what the author knew about Orphism and whether it could be said that he was an Orphic - being as he was a member of an assembly of people initiated in the misteries. In the present study an analysis of the sacrifices referred to in the poem is carried out, as it is considered that this could throw some light on the subject.


Los Vocablos para traducir a Salustio de José de Acosta

Antón Martínez, Beatriz
Martínez Ortega, Ricardo

A good sign of José de Acosta’s (1767-1822) interest in Latin, pedagogy and Humanities is shown in his work Asuntos de Latinidad, where we can find different glossaries useful in the translation of latin authors. This paper deals with the terms that Acosta supplies so that Sallust can be translated. We have discovered to our pleasant surprise, that Acosta did not consider it sufficient to look up all the available scholastic dictionaries in his time, but his teaching concerns and his scientific curiosity went further than any of his contemporary colleagues, because he used in his research R. Estienne Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, lexicon whose high quality is beyond all doubt.


‘Hispania, Hiberia’ y ‘Hesperia’ en los poetas latinos

Artigas Álvarez, Esther
Riquer Permanyer, Alejandra de

The major aim of this work is to offer a general survey of the different terms used by Latin writers to refer to the Iberian Peninsula. Sharp differences between poetry and prose writers may be thus settled according to their distinct use of names for it such as Hispania, Hiberia or Hesperia. This fact has lead us to analyze their occurence in poetry, paying special attention to those seemingly more significant in this sense.


Tres Biografías latino medievales de San Desiderio de Viena (Traducción y notas)

Díaz y Díaz, Pedro Rafael

Vita vel passio Sancti Desiderii a Sisebuto rege composita, 2.- the Passio Sancti Desiderii episcopi et martyris, a work by an anonymous monk of Vienne (s. VIII?), and 3.- the Passio Sancti Desiderii episcopi Viennensis, written by Ado, bishop of Vienne († 875 d. C).


La singularidad morfológica del español párpado

González Luis, Francisco

The existence in Spanish of the singular form párpado (*palpetrum), a survival of Latin palpebrae (palpetrae), is a paradigmatic example of a series of common linguistic phenomena which generally are well described in the study of the evolution of Latin into the romance languages. Among these phenomena the following can be cited: changes in grammatical gender of words referring to parts of the body, double stressing of words whose penultimate syllabe occurs before «muta cum liquida», alternation and switching positions of different suffixes, and the influence of Greek words on Latin versions of Greek technical books.


Anchieta y los indios del Brasil

González Luis, José

This paper analyses certain aspects of the activities of the Jesuit missionary José de Anchieta (1534-1597) regarding the Brazilian Indians. In his work, De gestis Mendi de Saa, his plays and his countless letters, we discover exotic descriptions, innumerable pieces of information and details of all kind. All these data -of noteworthy ethnographic and anthropological value- evidence, at the same time, Father Anchieta’s state of mind and disposition as defender and protector of the aborigines. This attitude constitutes his most creditable feature, and his personal style has gained recognition in the context of the European Christian civilization.


El episodio de la ballena en la Nauigatio Sancti Brendani y su precedente en el Physiologus

Hernández González, Fremiot

This paper is an attempt to make a comparative study between the episode of the whale in the Saint Brendan Legend and the description of that cetaceous in the Physiologus. The author translates and confronts some texts from both works and from the first voyage of Sindbad in The Thousand and One Nigths.


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