Número 3 (1992)
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Análisis de la estructura literaria y fijación del texto

Barreto Betancort, Juan

The author claims attention on the importance of analysis of literary structures in stablishing the original text. The determination of literary structures, he assures, allows to make a judgement upon its redaction's history (in this way can be seen the heterogeneous elements the text is made of or, on the contrary, its homogeneity); besides, in the case the extant manuscript tradition does offer divergent readings, the analysis of literary structures can supply elements of judgement in order to support or refuse alternative readings. As a matter of sample, the author analyses the structure of John 1, 1-5 and concludes, on the one hand, the redactional unity of 1, 1-2, and, on the other hand, he sees confirmed the reading that punctuates the text after ὃ γέγονεν in 1, 3.


De la retórica moral a la carta de intercesión

López Eire, Antonio

In this paper the author tries to show the connection of the moral rhetoric, as established by Isocrates, with Epistolography in general and with the letters of intercession in particular. As it is well known, the fourth and fifth centuries are the age of great collections of letters and many of them (so, for instance, in Libanius epistolary corpus) are letters of intercession. The use of artificial oratory in the schools and the close association of rhetoric with epistolography (some elaborate epistles are difficult to be distinguished from speeches) explain many features of the letters of intercession regarded as a product of a rhetorical school. There are, nevertheless, stylistic differences between speeches and letters, some of which are examined in this article.


Retórica frente a cristianismo en la ‘Autobiografía’ de Libanio

López Eire, Antonio

In this paper the author tries to show how and why, according to Libanius in his Autobiography, rhetorical education, the paideia, became a distinctive feature of Hellenism in opposition to Christian religion.


Sobre el empleo de algunas preposiciones en el dialecto cretense. II. ἄν, κατά, διά

Martínez Fernández, Ángel

The author makes a detailed description of the syntax of the prepositions ἀνά, κατά and διά in the Cretan dialect, taking into account all the available epigraphic material.


Notas sobre el vocabulario de los epigramas cretenses de época imperial

Martínez Fernández, Ángel

The Cretan epigrams of the Imperial period feature a vocabulary characterized by a mixture of elements, a) A large number of loanwords taken from the language of Homer and the poets; b) Some hápax created by the authors of the epigrams in an attempt to renew this genre, so full of traditional themes and formulisms; c) Certain terms typical of late Greek, either because of the words themselves, or because of the sense in which they are used.


Dativo griego: ¿semántica o sintaxis? Apuntes para un análisis sintáctico. I.

Pino Campos, Luis Miguel

A brief review of studies which deal with the Greek dative shows that in most instances description of the uses of the case is due to semantic considerations derived from contextual factors. It seems incoherent, therefore, to view the explanations included in traditional grammar books and manuals or in some specific studies as “dative syntax”. The author announces the publication, in a second part, of an analysis of the Greek dative from the point of view of its syntactical function, that is, the relationship between the categories which intervene in a context where a dative is present.


Los diminutivos latinos y su género gramatical

González Luis, Francisco

Since agreement in gender with the base was characteristic of Latin diminutives, grammatical gender can occasionally be considered an important morphological factor for distinguishing diminutives from any other type of derivational suffixes. Exceptions to this rule are but a few, and can be traced back to the beginnings of Latin grammar. Most of them have to do with the changes in gender that affected the base, but in some cases, such as the vocabulary used for instruments, the frequency of the neuter may be due to a confusion with the mediative or instrumental suffix *-bulo-, *-culo. The anomalous gender can also be the result of a specification of meaning, a role which suits the diminutive well.


Origen y espíritu de las antiguas peregrinaciones ad Loca Sancta

González Luis, José

This paper is about the origin and spirit of the ancient pilgrimages to Holy Land between IVth and VIth centuries. Many factors may have contributed which were the cause of this popular pious movement, among which we have to remark the recuperation of Jesus’ tomb and of the whole Golgota’s area by influence of Constantin the Great, the starting point of the creation of an real biblical geography. But so important for the development of the pilgrimages became the participation of the emperors mother, Helena, whom was attributed the invention of the cross by a legend which was created in the last years of the IVth century.


Algunas diferencias entre la Vita sancti Brendani y la Navigatio Sancti Brendani

Hernández González, Fremiot

After an Introduction in which the author refers to the arrival of the Nordicmen to the American Continent on the Middle Ages, to the doubt of the Irishmen’s previous arrival and to the proof of the occupation of the Atlantic North islands by these before by those, it is adhered to the thesis started by Charles Plummer in the sense that it is necessary to distinguish between the Vita Sancti Brendani and Nauigatio Sancti Brendani, considering that, though in a given moment they joined themselves, at the beginning they were different texts.


El vino como alimento y medicina en la sociedad romana

Real Torres, Carolina

Roman native medicine had a strong tradition. The Romans thought physicians did not exist in their early history, but supposed the Romans of old practised medicine in general terms. Early Roman medical concepts were enclosed in the common religion of countryside. The Romans agronomists make the farm the centre of his attention, where the pater familias was the dispenser of medical remedies of his household. Characteristic of early Roman medicine is a reliance upon remedies, in which, as we reed the writings of the Ancients, we find various kinds of wines shared in those.


Sobre algunos aspectos de la falsificación en epigrafía ibérica

Velaza, Javier

The purpose of this work is to analyze the problem of the falsification in Iberian Epigraphy, taking on account the following elements: epigraphical support, chronology, issue of the inscriptions, the criteria suspicionis, the technic of construction and the functionality of this kind of epigraphical texts.


Aurelio Agustín: Retórica (Traducción y Notas)

Díaz y Díaz, Pedro Rafael


Sobre traducciones recientes de la lírica horaciana

González Luis, Francisco


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